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最新中稿插图


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标题:

Dielectric Walls/Layers Modulated 3D Periodically Structured SERS Chips: Design, Batch Fabrication, and Applications

摘要:(滑动查看)

As an indispensable constituent of plasmonic materials/dielectrics for surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effects, dielectrics play a key role in excitation and transmission of surface plasmons which however remain more elusive relative to plasmonic materials. Herein, different roles of vertical dielectric walls, and horizontal and vertical dielectric layers in SERS via 3D periodic plasmonic materials/dielectrics structures are studied. Surface plasmon polariton (SPP) interferences can be maximized within dielectric walls besieged by plasmonic layers at the wall thicknesses of integral multiple half-SPPplasmonic material-dielectric-wavelength which effectively excites localized surface plasmon resonance to improve SERS effects by one order of magnitude compared to roughness and/or nanogaps only. The introduction of extra Au nanoparticles on thin dielectric layers can further enhance SERS effects only slightly. Thus, the designed Au/SiO2 based SERS chips show an enhancement factor of 8.9 × 1010, 265 times higher relative to the chips with far thinner SiO2 walls. As many as 1200 chips are batch fabricated for a 4 in wafer using cost-effective nanoimprint lithography which can detect trace Hg ions as low as 1 ppt. This study demonstrates a complete generalized platform from design to low-cost batch-fabrication to applications for novel high performance SERS chips of any plasmonic materials/dielectrics.


论文链接

https://doi.org/10.1002/advs.202200647

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标题:

Pushing detectability and sensitivity for subtle force to new limits with shrinkable nanochannel structured aerogel

摘要:(滑动查看)

There is an urgent need for developing electromechanical sensor with both ultralow detection limits and ultrahigh sensitivity to promote the progress of intelligent technology. Here we propose a strategy for fabricating a soft polysiloxane crosslinked MXene aerogel with multilevel nanochannels inside its cellular walls for ultrasensitive pressure detection. The easily shrinkable nanochannels and optimized material synergism endow the piezoresistive aerogel with an ultralow Young’s modulus (140 Pa), numerous variable conductive pathways, and mechanical robustness. This aerogel can detect extremely subtle pressure signals of 0.0063 Pa, deliver a high pressure sensitivity over 1900 kPa−1, and exhibit extraordinarily sensing robustness. These sensing properties make the MXene aerogel feasible for monitoring ultra-weak force signals arising from a human’s deep-lying internal jugular venous pulses in a non-invasive manner, detecting the dynamic impacts associated with the landing and take-off of a mosquito, and performing static pressure mapping of a hair.




论文链接

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-28760-4

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标题:

Inter-kingdom signaling between gut microbiota and their host

摘要:

The crosstalk between prokaryotic bacteria and eukaryotic gut epithelial cells has opened a new field for research. Quorum sensing system (QS) molecules employed by gut microbiota may play an essential role in host–microbial symbioses of the gut. Recent studies on the gut microbiome will unveil evolved mechanisms of the host to affect bacterial QS and shape bacterial composition. Bacterial autoinducers (AIs) could talk to the host’s gut by eliciting proinflammatory effects and modulating the activities of T lymphocyte, macrophage, dendritic cells, and neutrophils. In addition, the gut mucosa could interfere with bacterial AIs by degrading them or secreting AI mimics. Moreover, bacterial AIs and gut hormones epinephrine and noradrenaline may be interchangeable in the crosstalk between the microbiota and human gut. Therefore, inter-kingdom signaling between gut microbiota and host may provide a novel target in the management of gut microbiota-related conditions or diseases in the future.


论文链接

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-019-03076-7

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标题:

Controlled movement of ssDNA conjugated peptide through Mycobacterium smegmatis porin A (MspA) nanopore by a helicase motor for peptide sequencing application

摘要:(滑动查看)

The lack of an efficient, low-cost sequencing method has long been a significant bottleneck in protein research and applications. In recent years, the nanopore platform has emerged as a fast and inexpensive method for single-molecule nucleic acid sequencing, but attempts to apply it to protein/peptide sequencing have resulted in limited success. Here we report a strategy to control peptide translocation through the MspA nanopore, which could serve as the first step toward strand peptide sequencing. By conjugating the target peptide to a helicase-regulated handle-ssDNA, we achieved a read length of up to 17 amino acids (aa) and demonstrated the feasibility of distinguishing between amino acid residues of different charges or between different phosphorylation sites. Further improvement of resolution may require engineering MspA-M2 to reduce its constriction zone's size and stretch the target peptide inside the nanopore to minimize random thermal motion. We believe that our method in this study can significantly accelerate the development and commercialization of nanopore-based peptide sequencing technologies.


论文链接

https://doi.org/10.1039/D1SC04342K

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标题:

Conductive interlayer modulated ferroelectric nanocomposites for high performance triboelectric nanogenerator

Highlights:

Multilayer ferroelectric nanocomposite with conductive interlayer was prepared and used in TENGs.

Ferroelectricity and conduction were combined to increase output performance of TENG.

Electrospun nylon 6 nanofibers coated with Al was used as positive friction material.

The power density of optimized TENG can reach up to 7.21 W m−2 from 0.11 W m−2.


论文链接

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.106668

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标题:

Two-dimensional heterostructures built from ultrathin CeO2 nanosheet surface-coordinated and confined metal–organic frameworks with enhanced stability and catalytic performance

摘要:(滑动查看)

Two-dimensional (2D) metal–organic framework (MOF) based heterostructures will be greatly advantageous to enhance catalytic performance because they increase the contact surface and charge transfer. Herein, a novel 2D heterostructure named CeO2@NiFe-MOFs, in which monolayer NiFe-MOFs is coordinated with ceria (CeO2) to improve catalytic and stability performance, is successfully constructed by the strategy of in situ growth on the surface of ultrathin CeO2 nanosheets being functionalized with monolayer carboxylic acid groups. The 2D heterostructure possesses a sandwich structure, where monolayer NiFe-MOFs are coordinated to both the top and bottom surface of CeO2 nanosheets via joining carboxylic acid groups. In particular, CeO2 with robust coordination plays a significant role in the anchoring of carboxylic acid groups and binding strength of heterostructures. The 2D CeO2@NiFe-MOF heterostructure with a joint effect of metal–ligand coordination not only presents good structural stability but also significantly enhances the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) efficiencies in comparison to bare NiFe-MOFs, achieving a current density of 20 mA cm−2 at a low overpotential of 248 mV as well as durability for at least 40 h. Meanwhile, the electronics, optics, band gap energy and local strains of CeO2 decorated with 2D NiFe-MOFs are different to the properties of bare CeO2. Our study on the construction of an ultrathin CeO2 surface-coordinated and confined MOF layer may pave a new way for novel 2D MOF composites/heterostructures or multi-functional 2D CeO2 materials to be used in energy conversion or other fields.


论文链接

https://doi.org/10.1039/D2SC00308B

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